There is a great deal of confusion surrounding CBD and CBD products here in America. Since CBD is derived from cannabis or hemp, it is often lumped together as considered to be a schedule 1 controlled substance, but since CBD does not contain THC, does this mean that it isn’t a drug? Here we’ll explore this topic in a little more detail, so you can understand how CBD products are scheduled.
What is CBD?
Before we can delve into the legalities surrounding these products, it is vital to understand the basics of CBD. CBD is a commonly used name for cannabidiol, a naturally occurring compound derived from hemp plants. Cannabidiol is an anti inflammatory neurotransmitter that matches with the natural neuroreceptors in the body to encourage healthy responses. CBD is just one of the cannabinoids in hemp; the other well known compound is THC. Unlike THC, cannabidiol does not contain psychoactive ingredients, so you won’t get a high or feel altered.
American CBD Scheduling
Since CBD is derived from hemp or cannabis plants, the DEA can be awkward about separating them. THC, the psychoactive compound in cannabis that creates a high is considered a schedule 1 drug, but CBD is not psychoactive.
According to the DEA, CBD products that contain more than 0.1 percent THC are considered schedule 1 substances. So, if the CBD product is derived from hemp, it is likely to fall outside of this classification
Buying CBD Products in the US
The legal status of all CBD products is overseen by state regulation. Currently, 18 states allow legalized access to CBD medications that contain low levels of THC. However, federal regulations are still a little fuzzy since the federal government considers cannabis illegal.
The Farm Bill
The Hemp Farming Act or Farm Bill was passed in 2018, which introduced hemp cultivation and sale back into mainstream production. This bill meant that the DEA no longer have the authority to limit the hemp production, here in the United States, since the hemp is classified as an agricultural commodity. This bill means that each state can now regulate sale and cultivation of hemp products, leading the way for improved clarity on scheduling for all CBD and well-known products.
To date, CBD extracted from marijuana is still a schedule 1 drug, but CBD derived from hemp has been delisted as a federally scheduled substance.
Due to the legal issues surrounding cannabis derivatives, scientific research has been restricted. However, there is growing evidence that CBD may relieve anxiety symptoms, be helpful in pain management, and improve cognitive issues relating to Alzheimer’s and other conditions. CBD products are available in a number of forms including oil and tinctures that can be taken sublingually. Since CBD products are not regulated by the FDA, it is crucial to choose a good quality product from a reputable company. Ideally, the product should contain only two ingredients; cannabidiol and a good quality carrier oil, but some products do also contain natural flavorings, as some people find the taste unpalatable. It is important to look for a hemp based product with little to no THCs to ensure that there are no mind altering effects.